Discourse Markers in Speaking (Part 2)

Giới thiệu về Discourse Markers, cách sử dụng và 1 số Discourse Markers thông dụng trong phần 1 tại ĐÂY.

To introduce a new topic or a related topic of conversation

Speaking of

“Did you do anything special for your birthday?”

“Oh, I just went out for dinner with some friends at a Japanese restaurant – that new one on Main Street.”

“Really? How was the food?”

“It’s the best sushi in town, in my opinion!”

Speaking of Japan, my brother’s planning on studying abroad there next semester.”

As for

As for me, give me liberty or give me death” (Patrick Henry)

By the way (cực kỳ thông dụng)

Tom: Is this one any good?

Clerk: This is the largest and, by the way, the most expensive one we have in stock.

Anyway  (cực kỳ thông dụng)

I’d like to talk about my grandmother, the elderly I know the most. She is now 90 years old and still healthy. She is kind and always care for her children. Anyway, she has 10 children living around the world.

Well

Money often makes us feel very selfish and we do things only for ourselves. Well maybe the reason that money doesn’t make us happy is that we’re always spending it on the wrong things, and in particular, that we’re always spending it on ourselves.

Moving on

Moving on to the function of each discourse marker.

Now

Now, don’t feel too bad about failing the first pop quiz, because everybody fails all of the pop quizzes all of the time.

But

“If you hire people just because they can do a job, they’ll work for your money. But if you hire people who believe what you believe, they’ll work for you with blood and sweat and tears.”

To give details/clarify

In other words

 In other words, some things are better than others.

In particular

Well maybe the reason that money doesn’t make us happy is that we’re always spending it on the wrong things, and in particular, that we’re always spending it on ourselves.

That is to say (this is a little formal-sounding. It is best to only use that when speaking quite seriously about something in Part 3)

“There are known unknowns; that is to say, there are things that we now know we don’t know.
But there are also unknown unknowns – there are things we do not know we don’t know.” (Donald Rumsfeld)

What I mean is

What I mean is we should spend money on others rather than on ourselves.

What I’m trying to say is

What I’m trying to say is that money, in fact, doesn’t make us happy.

To put it another way

To put it another way, we are happier when we use money to make others happy.

Let me explain.

Envy, it’s a real taboo to mention envy. And it’s linked to the spirit of equality. Let me explain. I think it would be very unusual for anyone here to be envious of the Queen of England. The reason why we don’t envy her is because she’s too weird. We can’t relate to her. And when you can’t relate to somebody, you don’t envy them.

My point is that

My point is that even when we have an idea, a really great idea but if we don’t actually make it happen, it’s useless.

To make myself clear

You are not going to have a great career. To make myself clear. We have too many excuses not to take risks and do something big with all our passion.

More specifically

In Britain, or more specifically in England, people usually wear formal clothes.

To go back to the previous topic

As I was saying/ As I said/ As I mentioned earlier 

As I was saying, I had my doubts but within seconds of the movie opening, Ted got me hook, line and sinker with his: “Hug me!”.

To emphasize

Of course

Of course, I still daydream, but if I catch those ideas in my idea book, it actually means that I can focus on what I am doing.

You see

You see, traffic congestion is a big problem in Ho Chi Minh City.

Actually

Actually, I had nothing to do with the incident.

Obviously

Obviously not everyone wants a bank account.

You know

You know, to me, human communities depend upon a diversity of talent, not a singular conception of ability.

In fact

So let’s have some people do what they usually do and spend money on themselves, and let’s make some people give money away, and measure their happiness and see if, in fact, they get happier.

Sozi had an idea.  In fact, she had hundreds.

What I really want to stress is…

So I’m going to end it there. But what I really want to stress is let’s accept the strangeness of some of our ideas. Let’s probe away at our notions of success. Let’s make sure our ideas of success are truly our own.

(Còn tiếp)

By Tú Quỳnh 

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