Writing Task 1 – Bar Chart – Sentence Structures

By Ms. Diệp (SLink)
Khác với line graphs, việc mô tả fixed time bar charts (biểu đồ cột không chứa thay đổi qua thời gian) không có nhiều cấu trúc biến đổi để sử dụng. Do đó, học sinh thường gặp khó khăn trong việc ghi điểm cao cho tiêu chí grammatical range. Bài viết này sẽ chia sẻ một tip quan trọng giúp các bạn có thể sử dụng các cấu trúc ngữ pháp linh hoạt khi làm bài.


Sample answer 1: … Overall, Acme spent more on advertising than Famous. Both companies spent the most money on television promotion, with Acme spending $250,000 while Famous spent $200,000. Acme spent the second highest amount on newspaper advertising, at approximately $ 125,000, whereas Famous spent only about $ 75,000 on this type. In contrast, Famous spent more on the Internet than Acme, at $ 100,000 and $ 50,000 respectively. Both companies spent the least money on billboard promotions, at about $ 25,000 each.

Comments on grammatical range:

Lặp cấu trúc diễn đạt số liệu: Clause, with + số hoặc Clause, at + số

Suggested ways to incorporate data in a sentence:

  • Ex 1: Toyota spent quite much money on TV advertising last year, at 3 million dollars (clause, with/at + số)

Sử dụng động từ to be

  • Ex 2: There was 3 million dollars being spent on TV advertising last year (there + be + số)
  • Ex 3: The amount of money used for TV commercials by Toyota last year was 3 million dollars (The amount/ number/percentage + be + số)
  • Ex 4: 3 million dollars was the amount of money that Toyota used last year for TV commercials (Số + be + the amount/number/percentage)

Sử dụng các động từ thường: account for/constitute/amount to/ occupy…

  • Ex 5: Toyota’s expenditure on TV advertising last year accounted for 3 million dollars. (to account for + số)

Sử dụng các diễn đạt số liệu thay thế như: the figure for/the data of để tránh lặp chủ ngữ

  • Ex 6: The figure for TV advertising last year was 3 million dollars.

Sample answer 2: … Overall, Acme’s expenditure on advertising was more than Famous’s. It is also noticeable that both companies used the biggest amount of money on television commercials, with Acme spending $250,000 while the figure for Famous was $200,000. There was $ 125,000 being allocated by Acme on newspaper advertising, the second most common type, whereas $75,000 was the amount that Famous used. In contrast, Famous spent twice as much on the Internet as Acme, at $ 100,000 and $ 50,000 respectively. Meanwhile, billboard promotions in both enterprises accounted for the smallest amount of about $ 25,000 each.

Comments on grammatical range:

  • Đoạn mô tả sử dụng được cả 3 cấu trúc so sánh: comparatives, superlatives & equatives.
  • Các cấu trúc ngữ pháp được sử dụng để mô tả số liệu đa dạng.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *